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Progression Of Skills RWI



At Southwold Primary School we are committed to the delivery of excellence in the teaching of Phonics. We aim to develop each child so that they are able to read with fluency as well as develop a love of reading that will stay with our children all their lives. Being able to read is the most important skill children learn during their early schooling and has far-reaching implications for lifelong learning, confidence and well-being. High quality phonic teaching is the prime means by which we teach children how to read and spell words.

We are a Ruth Miskin, Read, Write, Inc (RWI) school. Through the RWI approach to teaching Reading and Phonics, we ensure that children:

    • apply phonic knowledge and skills as the route to decode words
    • respond speedily with the correct sound to graphemes (letters or groups of letters) for all 40+ phonemes, including, where applicable, alternative sounds for graphemes
    • read accurately by blending sounds in unfamiliar words containing GPCs that have been taught


We follow the RWI approach to teaching Reading and Phonics. Our approach is systematic, consistent and rigorous in order for all children to become readers as quickly as possible. We use the same phonics programme across the school providing continuity and a tool for guaranteed progression.

During our phonics lessons the children will:

    • Learn that sounds are represented by written letters.
    • Learn 44 sounds and the corresponding letter/letter groups using simple picture prompts.
    • Learn how to blend sounds.
    • Learn to read words using ‘Fred Talk’.
    • Learn to write the letters/letter groups which represent the 44 sounds.
    • Learn to write words by saying the sounds in ‘Fred Talk’.
    • Write simple sentences containing both ‘speedy’ or ‘red’ (non-decodable) and ‘green’ (phonically decodable) words.


    • Direct, focused phonics is taught daily in Reception and Key Stage 1
    • Children read books that closely match their phonic knowledge
    • Extra support is provided through the day for the children who make slowest progress (lowest 20%)
    • RWI phonics programme will continue for children up in Year 3 who have not passed the phonics screening check (non-SEND) and Fresh Start for children in Years 4-6.

Daily Keep-up lessons ensure every child learns to read

    • Any child who needs additional practice has daily Keep-up support, taught by a fully trained adult. Keep-up lessons match the structure of class teaching, and use the same procedures, resources and mantras, but in smaller steps with more repetition, so that every child secures their learning.
    • We timetable daily phonics lessons for any child in Year 2 or 3 who is not fully fluent at reading or has not passed the Phonics screening check. We use the RWI assessments to identify the gaps in their phonic knowledge and teach to these using the Keep-up resources – at pace.
    • If any child in Year 4 to 6 has gaps in their phonic knowledge when reading, they access the RWI Fresh Start Programme.
    • We aim to listen to the bottom 20% of readers each day.

Teaching early reading: Reading practice sessions

We teach children to read through reading practice sessions.  Children:

    • are taught by a fully trained adult to groups of children that have been grouped accordingly to their assessments and use books matched to the children’s secure phonic knowledge using the RWI SSP.
    • are monitored by the class teacher and groups change each half term after each assessment point.
    • Each reading practice session has a clear focus, so that the demands of the session do not overload the children’s working memory.
    • The reading practice sessions have been designed to focus on three key reading skills:


    • prosody: teaching children to read with understanding and expression
    • comprehension: teaching children to understand the text
    • Reception children have blending books once they can blend sounds to words, to familiarise themselves with a book and what reading means.
    • In Years 2 to 6, we continue to teach reading in this way for any children who still need to practise reading with decodable books.

Home reading

    • The decodable reading practice ‘book bag book’ is taken home to ensure success is shared with the family.
    • Reading for pleasure books also go home for parents to share and read to children.
    • We use the Read Write Inc. Parent Resources to engage our families and share information about phonics, the benefits of sharing books, how children learn to blend and other aspects of our provision, both online and through workshops.

Ensuring consistency and pace of progress

    • Every teacher in our school has been trained to teach reading, so we have the same expectations of progress. We all use the same language, routines and resources to teach children to read so that we lower children’s cognitive load.
    • RWI phonics and reading programme resources are used by all teachers to ensure a consistent approach and structure for each lesson.
    • The Phonics Lead, English Lead and SLT regularly monitor and observe teaching; they use the summative data to identify children who need additional support and gaps in learning.


It is our aim for the children to become fluent readers by the end of Key Stage 1. This will ensure that they leave Southwold Primary School as competent readers. To ensure this will happen, we assess Phonics progress through RWI assessments and past Phonics Screening Checks.

Useful websites for Parents

Please find a list of websites that you may find useful in helping you and your child  learn about phonics. Games and fun activity websites are also included. – Information and resources to support phonics learning at home – fun games for the children to play  – fun games for the children to play  – fun games for the children to play

BBC Bitesize – many games to play covering all areas of the curriculum

 Read Write Inc guide for parents 

The following links provides lots of free Read Write Inc. Phonics resources to help your child, including eBooks, practice sheets and parent films.

Parent Booklet 1

Parent Booklet 2

Phonics Sounds Read Write Inc

Rhymes For Letter Formation Read Write Inc

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